The dreaded and evil - FLAT FOOT SYNDROM
Typically with flat feet, overactive and underactive muscles propagate mechanical imbalances and musculoskeletal abnormalities which lead to multiple foot and ankle injuries. I have first-hand experience, genetically speaking, I am prone to ankle sprains and strains with different severity. Once, I broke my 5th metatarsal due to a minor ankle roll as I was simply walking on an uneven surface (yard). Overworked and overly tight muscles: PeronealComplex Lat. Gastrocnemius
What is PNF, Muscle Spindles, and Golgi Tendon Organ?
Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching is a treatment approach used to regain range of motion (ROM), release excessive muscle tightness during physical rehabilitation, and improve athletic performance (1)(2). Notably, the movement patterns of PNF are similar to normal human functional movement, termed "mass movement" by Knott, Voss, and colleagues in 1985. The patterns are spiral and diagonal which are the same movements used in our Active Daily Life (ADL)